Frown Lines

How to put an end to frown lines?

Frown lines—also known as forehead furrows, worry lines, wrinkles, or simply “the 11s”—are the deep vertical lines that form between the eyebrows and around the eyes; they are visible on the forehead.

What causes frown lines?

Many factors can contribute to the development of frown lines on your forehead, including:

  • The natural ageing process
  • Smoking
  • Genetics
  • Repeated muscle movements
  • Stress and lack of sleep
  • Frowning and not wearing glasses
  • Squinting at the TV or due to the sun

This skin problem can be broken down into two categories: dynamic lines and static lines.

  • Static wrinkles/lines are noticeable when a person does not move their facial muscles;
  • Dynamic wrinkles/lines are visible when a person moves their facial muscles or makes facial expressions.

Frowning your eyes causes temporary wrinkles in your facial skin. For young people with healthy, collagen rich skin, these wrinkles are only temporary. As soon as they stop frowning, the elastin in their skin returns it to its resting position and the wrinkles fade away.

However, a more mature skin will take longer to return to its resting position. Over time, the wrinkles will become permanent if not treated.

While aging is a contributing factor to the formation of frown lines, longer-term, unprotected sun exposure, smoking, and improper skin care can accelerate the process.

The following factors are the key to preventing the appearance of frown lines.


Considered the number-one cause of frown lines, ageing leads to elasticity loss as it is accompanied by a massive reduction in collagen and elastin production.

With reduced elasticity comes visible lines and wrinkles even when you don’t use your facial muscles.


This is another determining factor in how your skin ages, after all, it’s part of your DNA. Your genetics can determine your skin type whether it’s dry, oily, normal or a combination.

UV and HEV Rays

Studies have indicated that UV radiation accounts for 80% of deep facial wrinkles and signs of skin ageing which appears to be worse in people with lighter skin tones.

  1. Overexposure to the sunlight does one thing: it damages your skin; When your body defends itself against UV rays, your skin tans or darkens. Too much sun exposure allows UV rays to reach your inner skin layers. You know this as sunburn. This can cause skin cells to die, damage, or develop cancer.
  2. Too much unprotected exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays can cause skin damage, eye damage, immune system suppression, and skin cancer. Even people in their twenties can develop skin cancer.

Those with darker skin tones are also vulnerable to skin ageing and wrinkles influenced by environmental factors.

Hence, the best thing to do is protect your skin by:

  • Applying sunscreen regularly;
  • Avoiding excessive exposure to the sun
  • Avoiding long periods in front of a computer

This will minimise the collagen and elastin levels in your skin from experiencing excessive UV damage.

Repeated muscle movement

When you frown, your facial muscles move and cause wrinkles to form between your eyebrows. The more you frown, the deeper your wrinkles become.

Repetition of the following facial expressions can also lead to the formation of deep vertical lines between the eyebrows.

  • Squinting
  • Smiling
  • Furrowing the brow

These deep vertical lines can get worse over time.


Researchers have found smoking to be linked to premature facial aging. This is the reason why tobacco is famous for its damaging effects on skin’s texture and elasticity. Consequently, nonsmokers experience a lower rate of wrinkles than those who smoke.

Stress and lack of sleep

While seemingly unrelated, stress can lead to tensions, which, in turn, can cause you to make facial expressions resulting in more permanent frown lines.

Studies have also shown that people lacking sleep have more facial lines than those enjoying an adequate 6-8 hours sleep each night.

This means that sleepless nights can cause:

  • Increased signs of skin ageing;
  • Reduction in skin elasticity;
  • Formation of fine facial lines.

How to treat frowns or the 11s

  • Skin boosting treatments
  • Microneedling
  • Laser treatments
  • Muscle relaxing treatments
  • Medical grade skin care

These easy-to-use treatments have provided the best results for all of my patients. They are arguably the best treatments for frown lines and other skin conditions, to maintain a good supply of healthy, vibrant collagen rich skin.

Start your treatment today

Looking to improve your frown lines but unsure how? Make your appointment today to receive complimentary advice from Amanda, one of the best and well-versed advanced nurse practitioners in aesthetic medicine.

Together we can make a difference!

Amanda Azzopardi – Advanced Nurse Practitioner – RM, RN, INP, DIP, BHS

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